The details of the story are conveyed through recitative. Composers also began to be more precise about instrumentation, often specifying the instruments on which a piece should be played instead of allowing the performer to choose. This harmonic simplification also led to a new formal device of the differentiation of recitative a more spoken part of opera and aria a part of opera that used sung melodies.
The music of the time can be seen in this way too, that is, elaborate and heavily ornamented. Most suites also began with an introductory movement such as a prelude, ouverture or fantasia.
The interior was equally revolutionary; the main space of the church was oval, beneath an oval dome. The origin of the term The term Baroque probably ultimately derived from the Italian word barocco, which philosophers used during the Middle Ages to describe an obstacle in schematic logic.
Indeed, Annibale Carracci and Caravaggiothe two Italian painters who decisively broke with Mannerism in the s and thus helped usher in the Baroque style, painted, respectively, in classicist and realist modes.
The first phase of the Counter-Reformation had imposed a severe, academic style on religious architecture, which had appealed to intellectuals but not the mass of churchgoers. In an effort to allow for this discrepancy, many baroque ensembles adjust their tuning to the repertoire being performed: His choral output included twenty-one oratorios, three Te Deums, fourteen anthems, and two passions.
The polyphony of the late Baroque differed from that of the Renaissance: By the end of the baroque, this social subset had become a musical patron almost as powerful as the church or court.
Contrast in emotion must be achieved as one section ends and another begins in a new tempo and with new dynamics. The works of Corelliparticularly his Op. The development of opera. Derived from the Italian concertare to join together, unitethe concerto took several forms during the baroque era.
Baroque suites were scored for solo instruments as well as orchestra; those written for one or two melody instruments and continuo are sometimes titled sonata da camera. It makes sense, therefore, that the meaning of the word baroque has broadened to include anything that seems excessively ornate or elaborate.
In the first half of the seventeenth century the two styles coexisted, with the earlier style employed most frequently in sacred music, while the new style was evident in secular music, most notably in the operas of the early Baroque.
The relatively modest resources required for the performance of many Bach cantatas is understandable, since he wrote the majority of them for performance by his church choir in Leipzig and was limited by the available finances and personnel.
Their music embodies many of the elements of the transition from Renaissance to Baroque style. A specifically Baroque style of painting arose in Rome in the s and culminated in the monumental painted ceilings and other church decorations of Pietro da CortonaGuido ReniIl GuercinoDomenichinoand countless lesser artists.
The silhouette, which was essentially close to the body with tight sleeves and a low, pointed waist to aroundgradually softened and broadened. Mechanical differences between baroque and modern instruments also suggest that the older instruments would have sounded differently, so ensembles like Music of the Baroque often adjust their technique to allow for this.
The first important composer of oratorio was Carissimi. Some forms crossed the boundaries of sacred and secular. Baroque tenets were enthusiastically adopted in staunchly Roman Catholic Spain, however, particularly in architecture.
Back to Top What came after the baroque period?. About the Baroque Period Derived from the Portuguese barroco, or “oddly shaped pearl,” the term “baroque” has been widely used since the nineteenth century to describe the period in Western European art music from about to Double-manual harpsichord by Vital Julian Frey, after Jean-Claude Goujon ().
Overview: The Baroque Period. The Baroque is a period of artistic style that started around in Rome, Italy, and spread throughout the majority of Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. In informal usage, the word baroque describes something that is elaborate and highly detailed.
In the Baroque period, in addition to the instrumental doubling, compositions also typically contained an independent orchestral accompaniment, often calling for strings, trumpets, oboes, and a keyboard instrument (harpsichord or organ) providing the continuo. (sometimes initial capital letter) of or relating to the musical period following the Renaissance, extending roughly from to extravagantly ornate, florid, and convoluted in character or style: the baroque prose of the novel's more lurid passages.
The baroque was a period of musical experimentation and innovation. New forms were invented, including the concerto and sinfonia.
Opera was born in Italy at the end of the 16th century (with Jacopo Peri's mostly lost Dafne.A short description of the baroque period