Yet Colonizationists and U. The federal government provided some initial funding for the Society and helped the ACS purchase the Cape Mesurado area off the coast of West Africa which subsequently became the colony of Liberia.
Whether the society truly intended to abolish slavery, as Burin and Guyatt suggest, it was nonetheless a deeply harmful institution. It was instrumental in establishing the colony of Liberia.
Ina successful slave revolution in Haiti made it the first black-led republic.
Pennsylvania, Maryland and Mississippi set up their own state societies and colonies on the coast next to Liberia. We would elevate them, but not at the expense of the white man.
In his article, Guyatt juxtaposes the Indian colonization schemes with the African colonization schemes, arguing that both based their views on the assumption of nonwhite ability but necessary separation.
Such separation, if ever effected at all, must be effected by colonization; and no political party, as such, is now doing anything directly for colonization. The notion became a formal movement in Decemberwhen delegates from several states met in Washington, D.
Between the rhetoric of the Northern colonizationist and that of the Southern slavery-apologist, there often is little to choose. Henry McNeal Turner as the end of Reconstruction dashed hopes of many African Americans that they would enjoy full citizenship rights.
Finley meant to colonize " with their consent the free people of color residing in our country, in Africa, or such other place as Congress may deem most expedient". Yet Colonizationists and U. Mercer pushed the state to support the idea.
While some historians argued that Colonization supporters were ultimately racist and did not seek to substantially change the slavery status quo, others argue that the colonizationists, while far from progressive, wanted both an end to slavery and freedom for blacks to realize their potential.
From on, post-Civil Rights historians like Wilson Moses in and Lamin Sanneh in grew more critical of the society, and focused on its racism, concluding it was not truly an antislavery society.
In the early s, slavery spread across British North America. Congress for an emigration plan. Some slave owners decided to support emigration following an abortive slave rebellion headed by Gabriel Prosser inand a rapid increase in the number of free African Americans in the United States in the first two decades after the Revolutionary War, which they perceived as threatening.
Perry, and Ashmun, without official governmental support, cooperated to promote the Liberian settlement and spread American imperialism.
(Supportive of the ACS) Archibald Alexander, A History of Colonization on the Western Coast of Africa, New York: Negro Universities Press, [originally published in by William S. Martien]; Isaac V. Brown, Biography of the Rev.
Robert Finley, D. D., of Basking Ridge, N.J: Second Edition, Enlarged with an Account of his Agency as the. The notion became a formal movement in Decemberwhen delegates from several states met in Washington, D.C., and organized the American Colonization Society.
They voted to immediately begin seeking voluntary removal of U.S. blacks to Africa or whatever place Congress thought fit.
The American Colonization Society was founded in a turbulent time in American history. When the boundaries of citizenship, gender, and place were being tested and debated, when the future of slavery was hotly contested and the stability of the union was alarmingly unclear, colonizationists sought to find a moderate solution that would ease the tensions in the nation and their own consciences.
The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America, commonly known as the American Colonization Society (ACS), was a group established in by Robert Finley of New Jersey which supported the migration of free African Americans to the continent of Africa.
The American Colonization Society (ACS) was formed in to send free African-Americans to Africa as an alternative to emancipation in the United States.
Inthe society established on the west coast of Africa a colony that in became the independent nation of Liberia. Bythe society had sent more than 13, emigrants.
American Colonization Society: American Colonization Society, American organization dedicated to transporting freeborn blacks and emancipated slaves to Africa. It was founded in by Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister, and some of the country’s most influential men, including Francis Scott Key, Henry Clay, and Bushrod.American colonization society s plan to send